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It features the work of local photographers and artists, and filmmakers. The tower, built in by architect William W. Boyington from yellowing Lemont limestone ,  is feet 55 m tall.
In addition to being used for firefighting , the pressure in the pipe could be regulated to control water surges in the area. The tower gained prominence after the Great Chicago Fire of While some incorrectly believe that the tower was the only building to survive the fire, a few other buildings in the burned district survived along with the tower.
In the years since the fire, the tower has become a symbol of old Chicago and of the city's recovery from the fire. In , when Pine Street was widened, the plans were altered in order to give the Water Tower a featured location. The tower has undergone two renovations. The first took place during a three-year period, — At that time many of the limestone blocks were replaced. The second renovation occurred in This renovation consisted mostly of interior changes with only minor changes made to the exterior of the building.
The structure has not been universally admired. Oscar Wilde said it looked like "a castellated monstrosity with pepper boxes stuck all over it," although he did admire the arrangement and movement of the pumping machinery inside.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. National Register of Historic Places. Historic district Contributing property. It contains an award-winning Ritz-Carlton hotel, luxury condominiums and office space, and sits atop a block-long base containing an atrium-style retail mall that fronts on the Magnificent Mile. Water Tower Place's opening changed the economic dynamics of the Magnificent Mile by bringing middle-class shops to what had been a street dominated by luxury retailers, tony hotels, and expensive apartments.
Decades after its construction, its residences and hotel remain sought after addresses, and the mall is typically fully leased, drawing large enough crowds that some retailers operate outlets both inside the mall and outside it along Michigan Avenue.
The condo units in the tower were designed in In a recessionary market, the company was given the challenge of demonstrating the product and obtaining hard contracts before construction began. This was a challenging assignment in the recessionary climate of — A detailed product research study was conducted by Gary S. Meyers  , which included examining on a room-by-room basis over luxury high-rise condominiums in the Chicago metropolitan area and a like number around the nation.
The product analysis was then compared with sales velocities of other projects to determine buyer needs and wants and their respective acceptable price points. The net result was a mathematically designed housing product that allowed for specific space allocation for each room in each unit. The results were efficient units, where each room had a competitive advantage. Because of this unique design methodology, the condominium units are still considered well designed, even decades after their construction.
After the product was designed, Richard A. Michigan Avenue, and built several full-scale condominium units, several blocks away from the site.
This combined marketing approach produced sales of over units before the building was ready for occupancy, a pace that surpassed units ready for occupancy in competing buildings during the same period. In , a program of refurbishments was begun, including enclosing the exterior arcade along Michigan and adding a loading dock in the middle of the block for additional retail space.
Also included were updates to the escalators and fountains leading into the mall from North Michigan Avenue lobby, as well as enhancements to the sidewalk areas, the mall's exterior facades, and department store entrances.
Some of the changes included the addition of exterior glass walls and display areas for the department stores, some small specialty retail space in the renovated lobby area, and large exterior rounded, corner glass bay windows and lighted "fins" on the North Michigan Avenue and side street exterior walls of the mall. These last additions broke up the boxy nature of the original architecture and added some dimension and scale to the monolithic marble walls.
The interior fountain between the escalators leading from the North Michigan Avenue lobby were also updated with a tiered "pop jet" fountain with cascading waterfalls and balls of water, controlled by computer-based choreography. Oprah Winfrey acquired 4 units in the building. The condos were sold in and for slightly more than what she paid. The builders of Water Tower Place acquired the rights to use the Ritz-Carlton name and logo when they opened a hotel in the tower in This was before the modern Ritz-Carlton chain was established in the mids, using the same name and logo, which have been around since the early 20th Century, in use at various hotels.
Also under terms of the agreement, no other hotel was permitted to use the Ritz-Carlton name in the Chicago area while the agreement was still in effect, meaning that the modern Ritz-Carlton chain was never able to operate a hotel in Chicago, only a nearby condominium, which they built in So that their hotel would be part of a chain, the owners of Water Tower Place contracted Four Seasons Hotels to manage the hotel in It was not part of the global Ritz-Carlton chain, despite its name and use of the iconic lion logo.
In the number of guest rooms was reduced to Water Tower Place continues to be a shopping destination due to its size and its wide variety of shops, despite only having one anchor. American Eagle Outfitters opened in fall Chocolatier Godiva has a location in the mall. Jill , Oakley , Finish Line, Inc. Instead of a classic style food court, Water Tower Place offers multiple restaurant and cafeteria style eateries on the mezzanine level of the center, just like a classic style food court Mity Nice Grill and Foodlife, both owned by Lettuce Entertain You Restaurants as well as Wow Bao in the entrance area and Auntie Anne's Pretzels and Red Mango on the 7th Floor.
The eight-level mall has over shops, including Macy's formerly a branch of the renowned Marshall Field's , the flagship American Girl store, a live theatre, and several restaurants, arranged around a chrome-and-glass atrium with glass elevators. It was one of the first vertical malls in the world, although along North Michigan Avenue it has been joined by The Shops at North Bridge and the Avenue Atrium better known as North Michigan , both of which contain higher end retail mixes.
The building's design successfully addresses the challenge of providing separate entries and vertical circulation for, what amounts to a regional mall-scaled retail center, one department store, the theater, offices, hotel, and residences.
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Water Tower Place is a Chicago landmark on the Magnificent Mile and renowned for its vast selection of over stores. Beyond shopping, the eight story mall also houses a number of restaurants and entertainment options, including a live newbez.mlon: N. Michigan Avenue, Chicago, , IL. Water Tower Place is located in Chicago, Illinois and offers 83 stores - Scroll down for Water Tower Place shopping information: store list (directory), locations, mall hours, contact and address. Address and locations: N. Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois - IL - /5(4). A resplendent venue showcasing the work of local photographers and artists, the City Gallery in the Historic Water Tower, is centrally located along the city's famed Magnificent Mile. The Chicago Water Tower is the city’s most familiar and treasured landmark.